The Seven Shaded On the Day of Judgement
Updated: May 28
By: Zainab Nawaz
“Verily, the Hour is coming and My Will is to keep it hidden...” (Quran 20:15)
That Day is coming.
The Day when the stars will fall, the sky will rip apart, the earth will be flattened, and the mountains will turn to dust. The Day when the graves will be overturned, and what is within them will come out. The Day when a woman would run from her brother, her sister, her mother, her father, her husband, and her children. The Day when everything that has ever existed from the beginning of time will be gathered together, waiting to see what their hands put forth.
“And the trumpet will be blown, and whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth will fall dead except whom Allah wills. Then it will be blown again, and at once they will be standing, looking on!” (Quran 39:68)
On that Day, we will all return to our normal forms. Naked. Barefoot. Waiting in agony for our Lord to start our Judgement. On that Day, we will see what we worked for, what we used our time for. This Day will last 50, 000 years for the disbeliever. For the believer, it will last the amount of time used to pray 2 rakah in this world.
That Day, the sun will be brought forth.
Let’s think of the heat from the sun for one second. Think of a hot summer day. You are at the park with your family, barbecuing. You are sweating, while the sun beats down at you. You become thirsty, it becomes harder to breathe. You see a big beautiful tree, inviting you to its shade. The second you reach it; you can breathe easier. It’s cool, peaceful, and relaxing. Nice, right?
Al-Miqdād ibn al-Aswad (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) said: "On the Day of Judgment, the sun will be drawn near people until it becomes a mile away from them."
Imagine that. Imagine the heat, the shortness of breath, the dizziness, the extreme panic we would feel on that day. Imagine the heat beating down on you, making you even more anxious and restless for the judgement to begin. What about for the believers, you might ask? Will the sun be burning hot for them too?
He (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) said: "People will be submerged in sweat according to their deeds. Some will be submerged up to their heels, some up to their knees, some up to their waist, and some will be bridled with sweat (reaching their mouths)." He (the narrator) said: "The Messenger of Allah (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) pointed to his mouth."
Through this hadith we learn that the more good deeds you have, the less you will sweat – the less the sun will be a bother to you. For the sinner, she will drown in her own sweat. Keep in mind that the judgement process hasn’t even started yet! Now, what about for the one who doesn’t want to drown in any sweat! A little or a lot – is that an option?
Yes, it is.
Abu Huraira reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “There are seven whom Allah will shade on a day when there is no shade but his…”
On a Day when we will not have the ability to ask for help, Allah (swt) is offering help to us here. In order to receive shade on that Day, we have to sacrifice for our Lord in this life. These people will in such an exalted position. They will be in the shade of Allah (swt)’s throne, safe from the relentless heat of the sun. Who are these people, given such an honour?
1. A just ruler/leader
This word used for ‘ruler’ here literally means a ‘political leader’ or a ‘leader of the ummah’. The Ulimaa’ say the definition of justice is to give each person the right he/she deserves – Muslim or not.
“O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm for Allah, witnesses in justice, and do not let the hatred of a people prevent you from being just. Be just; that is nearer to righteousness. And fear Allah; indeed, Allah is Acquainted with what you do.” [5:8]
A believer who fears Allah would look at the two options of either being just and giving people their rights, or unjust – oppressing them. Leaders/rulers will be the one’s enforcing the justice in the land, and they will be taken to account for every single thing under their rule. This is such a great responsibility for one to carry, and often times it lands in the wrong hands. For the one who is careful of not letting her biases lead her to judge incorrectly, for her in shaa Allah, is the shade of Allah on that Day.
2. A youth who grew up in worship of Allah (swt)
The word for youth, ‘sh’ab,’ comes from the word ‘shabban naar’ which means ‘to ignite fire’. Igniting fire would take energy, just like a youth is full of energy and is able to do a lot that older people that cannot do. This means linguistically, that the youth is someone who is energetic, adventurous, and willing to take risks. The time period of youth in simplistic terms, is someone who reaches the age of puberty until around 33 years old.
This particular youth mentioned in the hadith is firstly, referring to the one who is provided the environment to grow in the worship of Allah (swt). If you would like your child to be amongst this category, you must put in the effort to provide your child with this particular environment in the home. Secondly, this youth is focusing on their obligation: fasting/praying. They learn how to read the Qur’an. This young man or woman understands that his/her purpose in life is to worship of Allah.
This does not mean that this person memorizes the Qur’an and does not live a normal life – no! This means that in summary, that is how you would describe their life. Many of us are still in this youth stage and have the ability to be amongst the people in this category on that day. Rectify your priorities and put more effort into your relationship with Allah. Make your decisions based off of what Allah (swt) wants you to do, not what everyone else is doing. Learn more about your Lord, make sure your prayers are sound, and connect with the Qur’an. May Allah (swt) make us amongst this category of people on that day, in shaa Allah! Ameen.
3. A man whose heart is deeply attached to the masjid
This is the man whose heart is hanging in the masjid. He does his salah and leaves, but even though he has left, his heart is still in the masjid. Over time, people eventually started to lose track and lose their relationship with the masajid. People didn’t find the need or importance of the masajid, even though our history is filled with that! While it’s easy to say the masajid in our areas should be doing more for their people, what are you doing to help? You are very capable of helping out and contributing and you cannot blame anyone else for your inability to do so! If we all work together and put in our efforts, in shaa Allah, the masjid can be a place that people go to for more than just salah.
Remember, just because you are not involved in the masjid, doesn’t mean there aren’t people who are! There are many beautiful people who run the background operations of the masjid programs that we never get to see. Those are people who go to the masjid every day, for every prayer – scheduling their time around their salah. Some even making sure to move near a masjid for easy access! May Allah (swt) reward those whose hearts are attached to the masjid, and make us people who love to visit the houses of Allah. Ameen!
4. Two people who love each other for sake of Allah (swt)
The Prophet said that Allah will ask on this day: “Where are those who loved each other for the sake of My glory? Today, on a day when there is no shade but Mine, I shall shade them with My shade.” [Muslim]
These people come together for the sake of Allah (swt), they leave each other in the sake of Allah (swt). This is purely based on the intention for these people meeting and maintaining a relationship. They don’t owe each other money, or are seeking a favour from each other. They visit each other when sick, only out of love for Allah. They meet only out of love for Allah. Loving someone for the sake of Allah can manifest in two ways: in your heart and with your deeds/actions. You love someone because of their position with Allah, and you support them with your actions. You respect them and defend them according to their good deeds. They can trust you, your secrets are safe with them. You love them because of their efforts to please Allah. What a beautiful way to receive shade, subhanAllah!
5. A man who is tempted by a beautiful woman of high status but he rejects her saying, ‘I fear Allah’
The woman mentioned in this hadith is wealthy, powerful, and extremely beautiful. The meaning implied in this hadith is that she is tempting him towards illicit actions. Likewise, this goes the other way around as well. If a woman is approached by a man of good status, wealthy, and good looking, and instead fears Allah, she would receive the honour of shade as well. Regardless of the fact that committing fornication has been made normal today, we should not forget that it is a major sin in Islam. It affects the issue of inheritance/lineage, if a child does not know who is father is. It devalues intimacy with a spouse later on. It makes it difficult for a person to commit to the institute of marriage and remaining with one person. It creates parents who are not ready to be parents, and children suffer because of it.
The people in this category would receive shade on that Day for doing something that is almost unheard of in this day and age – saying no out of fear of Allah, and choosing to stay chaste until marriage. People like that are often looked down upon and laughed at today. On that Day, they are given the honour that everyone else will want to have. The truth is, we are in charge of our own selves. It is not okay to blame our wrong actions upon someone else. Work hard to keep Allah (swt) your main focus and priority, and worship Him as if you can see Him. Ask Allah (swt) for help and taqwa. Your sacrifices for His sake do not go unnoticed!
6. One spends in charity and conceals it such that his right hand does not know what his left hand has given
Small or large, sadaqah is something that increases your wealth. This part of the hadith mentions that the person is so secretive about their sadaqah that their left hand doesn’t even know what their right hand has given. This is of course an exaggeration, it means that the person does not announce it to anyone and gives it only for the sake of Allah. Nowadays, people donate but make sure everyone knows that they did, so they are labelled as a good person. A believer only cares about her status in front of Allah, no one else. Her priority is to please her Lord.
If you disclose your Sadaqah (almsgiving), it is well; but if you conceal them and give them to the poor, that is better for you.” [Quran 2:271]
7. A man who remembers Allah when he is alone and his eyes fill with tears
Prior to the prophethood of the Prophet (saw), he loved to sit in solitude, remembering Allah. How can you implement this into your life? This solitude is done in a discreet manner, where no one is watching you and no one knows about it. The best time for this is at night, when everyone is asleep. It is the perfect time where you can be alone with Allah (swt)!
The scholars mentioned that a person will cry in front of Allah for four reasons:
1. You committed a sin – you feel guilty for the sin you committed and recognize that Allah (swt) has given you SO much, and yet you still sinned.
2. You realized that you’ve been ungrateful in thanking Allah (swt) – you asked for things from Allah (swt) and He gave you every single one, yet you didn’t thank Him.
3. You have a need that needs to be fulfilled – you want something that is out of your hands and is solely in the control of Allah.
4. Natural pain – and incident occurs in your life that causes you pain, so you cry in front of Allah out of pure pain.
This person mentioned in the hadith above is alone, crying in front of her Lord because one of the reasons mentioned above. This person feels pain in their heart, recognizes her own ingratitude, her own negligence, her own helplessness and calls onto her Lord. For her is shade on the Day of Judgement, in shaa Allah.
“The believers are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, feel a fear in their hearts and when His Verses (this Quran) are recited to them, they (i.e. the verses) increase their faith; and they put their trust in their Lord (alone).” (8:2)
The people mentioned in this hadith are not angels. They are not perfect people. They are conscious of Allah. Their Lord is at the centre of their hearts, and they priorities are put carefully in place. These people choose to act the right way when placed in difficult positions, and because of these sacrifices, they are given shade on the most difficult Day of all.
Make it a goal in your life to be amongst one of these categories. Surround yourself with people who have similar goals. Ask Allah (swt) to help you make that a reality!
May Allah (swt) make us all amongst the people who are given the shade of Allah on the Day where there is no shade but His. Ameen.